The Middle East and North Africa vacuum bottom residue (kerosene, VGO and bitumen) market reached a value of about USD 24,859.3 million in 2022. the market size is further expected to grow at a CAGR of 4.4% during the forecast period of 2023-2028.
Vacuum distillation is a process of separating substances by reducing pressure to less than atmospheric pressure. Under low pressure, crude oil is distilled to produce vacuum residue or vac resid, which is a solid cut from distillation that weighs the most and is formed at the bottom of the vacuum distillation tower. Vacuum residue is combined with either leftover fuel oil or asphalt if it is not improved. Some of the products created through vacuum distillation include kerosene, vacuum gas oil or VGO, and bitumen.
The market is categorised on the basis of segments into kerosene, vacuum gas oil, and bitumen. Kerosene is further divided on the basis of type into naphthenic and paraffinic, while on the basis of application it is divided into transport and fuel, among others. Vacuum gas oil is sub-divided based on type into LVGO, MVGO, and HVGO. On the basis of application, vacuum gas oil is divided into gasoline production and diesel production, among others.
Bitumen is sub-divided on the basis of grade, into 20/30, 40/50, 50/70, 60/70, and 80/100, and based on type into high sulphur and low sulphur. Additionally, Bitumen is segmented based on application into road building and roofing, among others. The major countries in the market are Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Oman, Kuwait, Jordan, Qatar, Iraq, Bahrain, Egypt, and Morocco, among others.
The comprehensive EMR report provides an in-depth assessment of the market based on the Porter's five forces model along with giving a SWOT analysis. The report gives a detailed analysis of the following key players in the Middle East and North Africa vacuum bottom residue (kerosene, VGO and bitumen) market, covering their competitive landscape and latest developments like mergers, acquisitions, investments, and expansion plans.
Vacuum gas oil is made using many methods, including hydrogenation and cracking, by the vacuum distillation column. The vacuum gas oil (VGO) segment growth is predicted to be fuelled by the rising demand for fossil fuels across a variety of industries over the forecast period. The primary usage of vacuum gas oil is as an intermediate feedstock to increase refineries' output of gasoline and diesel. Accordingly, the demand for VGO is expected to benefit from increased attempts to create a large supply of oil and gas, driving the Middle East and North Africa vacuum bottom residue (kerosene, VGO and bitumen) market development.
Bitumen is frequently used in the construction industry for roofing because of its physical characteristics, including adhesion, water resistance, hardness, ductility, and higher softening point. There is a rise in demand for bitumen in the Middle East and North Africa region, as a result of expansion in the building industry brought on by an increase in urban population and the requirement for new homes.
Kerosene, also referred to as paraffin oil, is a flammable liquid hydrocarbon. Due to its high flammability, it is most frequently utilised as a fuel for heating in both household and commercial settings. It is made from petroleum and can be burned in kerosene lamps, furnaces, or home heaters. It can also be used as a fuel for jet engines or as a component of gasoline, and as a solvent for pesticides and greases. Therefore, the growing use of kerosene is driving the Middle East and North Africa vacuum bottom residue (kerosene, VGO and bitumen) market growth.
One of the pioneers in using high-quality bitumen on roads and runways is the United Arab Emirates, occupying a significant segment of the Middle East and North Africa vacuum bottom residue (kerosene, VGO and bitumen) market. Construction of roads and highways is the principal use of bitumen, accounting for over 70% of its total use.
Bitumen is provided to numerous industrial sectors in the United Arab Emirates by a variety of distributors and refinery companies. The bitumen providers in the United Arab Emirates are well-known companies, catering to a variety of business sectors, including building, contracting, and public works.
Wataniya Group, founded in 2012 and with offices in Iraq and the United Arab Emirates, consists of several businesses. It focuses on many areas of the cement and oil-gas industries as well as oil trading, distribution, and transportation. The company has agreements with significant worldwide firms in the oil field sector, particularly in areas of naphtha treating units, bitumen refining units, and other cutting-edge oil industries licenced by well-known firms like Honeywell UOP and Pörner.
Majd al-Iraq, a bitumen and barrel production facility is located in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq and holds a strong position in the Middle East and North Africa vacuum bottom residue (kerosene, VGO and bitumen) market. Each day, Majd Al Iraq produces 1,000 metric tonnes of bitumen and sells it on the world market. By selling high-quality bitumen of various grades and specifications, Majd Al Iraq hopes to address the demand gap in the current global bitumen market.
ISAB S.r.l., established in 1972, has three production sites that are connected to one another by a network of pipelines representing one of the largest industrial sites in Europe. Its plants for refining, gasification, and electricity cogeneration are part of the petrochemical division of Priolo Gargallo (Syracuse, Italy). Its operations include the refinement of oil and gas products like propane, diesel, and gasoline.
Other market players include Al Salam Al Massi Co (ASAMCO), Phoenix Refinery, and Aran Asphalt Factory, among others.
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Historical and Forecast Trends, Industry Drivers and Constraints, Historical and Forecast Market Analysis by Segment:
|Breakup by Segment||
|Breakup by Region||
*At Expert Market Research, we strive to always give you current and accurate information. The numbers depicted in the description are indicative and may differ from the actual numbers in the final EMR report.
2 Report Coverage – Key Segmentation and Scope
3 Report Description
3.1 Market Definition and Outlook
3.2 Properties and Applications
3.3 Market Analysis
3.4 Key Players
4 Key Assumptions
5 Executive Summary
5.2 Key Drivers
5.3 Key Developments
5.4 Competitive Structure
5.5 Key Industrial Trends
6 Market Snapshot
7 Industry Opportunities and Challenges
8 Middle East and North Africa Vacuum Bottom Residue (Kerosene, VGO and Bitumen) Market Analysis
8.1 Middle East and North Africa Vacuum Bottom Residue (Kerosene, VGO and Bitumen) Historical Market (2018-2022)
8.2 Middle East and North Africa Vacuum Bottom Residue (Kerosene, VGO and Bitumen) Market Forecast (2023-2028)
8.3 Middle East and North Africa Vacuum Bottom Residue (Kerosene, VGO and Bitumen) Market by Segment
220.127.116.11 Market Share
18.104.22.168 Historical Trend (2018-2022)
22.214.171.124 Forecast Trend (2023-2028)
126.96.36.199 Market Share by Type
188.8.131.52 Market Share by Application
184.108.40.206.3 Heating and Others
8.3.2 Vacuum Gas Oil
220.127.116.11 Market Share
18.104.22.168 Historical Trend (2018-2022)
22.214.171.124 Forecast Trend (2023-2028)
126.96.36.199 Market Share by Type
188.8.131.52 Market Share by Application
184.108.40.206.1 Gasoline Production
220.127.116.11.2 Diesel Production
18.104.22.168 Market Share
22.214.171.124 Historical Trend (2018-2022)
126.96.36.199 Forecast Trend (2023-2028)
188.8.131.52 Market Share by Grade
184.108.40.206 Market Share by Type
220.127.116.11.1 High Sulphur
18.104.22.168.2 Low Sulphur
22.214.171.124 Market Share by Application
126.96.36.199.1 Road Building
8.4 Middle East and North Africa Vacuum Bottom Residue (Kerosene, VGO and Bitumen) Market by Country
8.4.1 Market Share
188.8.131.52 Saudi Arabia
9 Regional Analysis
9.1 Saudi Arabia
9.1.1 Historical Trend (2018-2022)
9.1.2 Forecast Trend (2023-2028)
9.2.1 Historical Trend (2018-2022)
9.2.2 Forecast Trend (2023-2028)
9.3.1 Historical Trend (2018-2022)
9.3.2 Forecast Trend (2023-2028)
9.4.1 Historical Trend (2018-2022)
9.4.2 Forecast Trend (2023-2028)
9.5.1 Historical Trend (2018-2022)
9.5.2 Forecast Trend (2023-2028)
9.6.1 Historical Trend (2018-2022)
9.6.2 Forecast Trend (2023-2028)
9.7.1 Historical Trend (2018-2022)
9.7.2 Forecast Trend (2023-2028)
9.8.1 Historical Trend (2018-2022)
9.8.2 Forecast Trend (2023-2028)
9.9.1 Historical Trend (2018-2022)
9.9.2 Forecast Trend (2023-2028)
9.10.1 Historical Trend (2018-2022)
9.10.2 Forecast Trend (2023-2028)
9.10.1 Historical Trend (2018-2022)
9.10.2 Forecast Trend (2023-2028)
10 Market Dynamics
10.1 SWOT Analysis
10.2 Key Indicators for Demand
10.3 Key Indicators for Price
11 Middle East and North Africa Trade Data Analysis
11.1 Kerosene Import and Export Statistics, 2018-2028
11.2 VGO Import and Export Statistics, 2018-2028
11.3 Bitumen Import and Export Statistics, 2018-2028
12 Price Analysis
12.2 Bulk/Wholesale - Domestic
12.3 Export (FOB)
13 Competitive Landscape
13.1 Market Structure
13.2 Company Profile
13.2.1 Wataniya Group
184.108.40.206 Company Overview
220.127.116.11 Product Portfolio
18.104.22.168 Demographic Reach and Achievements
13.2.2 Majd Al Iraq Company
22.214.171.124 Company Overview
126.96.36.199 Product Portfolio
188.8.131.52 Demographic Reach and Achievements
13.2.3 ISAB S.r.l.
184.108.40.206 Company Overview
220.127.116.11 Product Portfolio
18.104.22.168 Demographic Reach and Achievements
13.2.4 Al Salam Al Massi Co (ASAMCO)
22.214.171.124 Company Overview
126.96.36.199 Product Portfolio
188.8.131.52 Demographic Reach and Achievements
13.2.5 Phoenix International A/S
184.108.40.206 Company Overview
220.127.116.11 Product Portfolio
18.104.22.168 Demographic Reach and Achievements
13.2.6 Aran Asphalt Factory
22.214.171.124 Company Overview
126.96.36.199 Product Portfolio
188.8.131.52 Demographic Reach and Achievements
14 Key Trends and Developments in the Market
List of Key Figures and Tables
1. Middle East and North America Vacuum Bottom Residue (Kerosene, VGO and Bitumen) Market: Key Industry Highlights, 2018 and 2028
2. Middle East and North America Vacuum Bottom Residue (Kerosene, VGO and Bitumen) Historical Market: Breakup by Segment (USD Million), 2018-2022
3. Middle East and North America Vacuum Bottom Residue (Kerosene, VGO and Bitumen) Market Forecast: Breakup by Segment (USD Million), 2023-2028
4. Kerosene Import and Export Statistics, 2018-2028
5. VGO Import and Export Statistics, 2018-2028
6. Bitumen Import and Export Statistics, 2018-2028
7. Middle East and North America Vacuum Bottom Residue (Kerosene, VGO and Bitumen) Market Structure
During the forecast period of 2023 and 2028, the market is expected to grow at a CAGR of 4.4%.
The major drivers of the market include the increase in research and development activities on fluid catalytic cracking and hydrocracking, use of kerosene in the aviation sector, expanding infrastructure projects and the installation of new industrial facilities in emerging economies.
The growing usage of vacuum gas oil in the production of diesel and rising government spending and policies toward roads and infrastructure development are the key industry trends propelling the growth of the market.
The major players in the Middle East and North Africa vacuum bottom residue (kerosene, VGO and bitumen) market are Wataniya Group, Majd al-Iraq, ISAB S.r.l., Al Salam Al Massi Co (ASAMCO), Phoenix Refinery, and Aran Asphalt Factory, among others.
The primary applications of kerosene are transport, and fuel, among others.
In vacuum distillation, materials are separated based on their boiling points through a distillation process conducted under reduced pressure. Leftover materials after the distillation process that sink to the bottom of the vacuum, are known as vacuum bottoms.
Vacuum gas oil (VGO) is a vital feedstock for fluid catalytic crackers that produce transportation fuels, and a variety of other by-products. Specific processes can help in inexpensively upgrading VGO into useful materials.
Naphtha is a flammable liquid hydrocarbon mixture made from coal tar and peat distillates, petroleum distillates, and natural gas condensates.
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